What is a Bone Graft?
A bone graft is the placement of bone material into a defect around teeth and sometimes into defects in the jawbone. It is also used to help establish a more normal jawbone height and width of the jaw.
Why Would You Need a Bone Graft?
Bone grafts can be used around teeth that have had bone loss as a result of periodontal disease. In cases of perio-implantitis, bone grafts are also often utilized. This may also be recommended to treat areas of bone loss following a bone infection or trauma. Bone grafts are often used to help with implant-related procedures. These same types of grafting are used in situations in which orthodontic procedures need to be expedited and/or for the long-term stability of the post-orthodontic retention.
Types of Bone Grafts
- Allograft – Human bone obtained from a certified tissue bank. We obtain bone grafts of this type only from tissue banks with impeccable certification and standards.
- Autograft – Bone grafts which are taken from another site in the same individual. These sites may include intraoral sites, and in more extensive procedures the bone is harvested from the iliac crest (hip bone).
- Xenografts – Non-human bone which has had all the proteins removed leaving a calcified material that functions as both a scaffolding and template for the new bone formation and production by the patient. Your body will replace this material over time with your own natural bone. The big advantage here is that it eliminates the need for obtaining bone from other areas of your body.
Benefits of a Bone Graft
Bone grafts can have many benefits:
- Helps to restore the bone structure of the jaw.
- Bone grafts can help establish a healthy periodontium through adding bone support to your teeth.
- Bone grafts are often used to prepare a specific site or area for implant placement, a fixed (permanent) solution for missing teeth.
Bone Graft Procedure
- The actual procedure involves the placement of a bone graft (the material may be an allograft, an autograft, or a special bone grafting material)
- With bone grafting procedures, antibiotics are prescribed to facilitate the bone healing well and to prevent infections during the healing process.
- An analgesic (pain med) is often prescribed as well.
At Dental Specialties Northwest, we work hard to ensure the best outcome. Our experienced dental surgeons can help restore your bone structure. Call 206-682-8200 now for more information!