Biopsy & Oral Pathology

What is Oral Pathology?

Pathology focuses on diseases and their causes, which can help us narrow down to the most probable diagnosis. Oral pathology, then, refers to diseases of your mouth, jaw, and surrounding structures. One of the best ways to diagnose an oral pathology is through the use of a biopsy.

What is a Biopsy?

A biopsy is a relatively simple surgical procedure. During a biopsy, we remove a piece of suspicious tissue and send it to a laboratory for further testing. Most biopsies are performed in-office during your regular dental visit.

What are the Benefits of a Biopsy?

  • Safe – A biopsy is generally safe and simple.
  • Accurate Diagnosis – A biopsy allows us to provide the most accurate diagnosis possible.
  • Early Identification, Early Treatment – The earlier we identify the disease, such as oral cancer, the quicker we can begin treatment. Early treatment can help prevent the spread or further development of the disease.
  • Peace of Mind – Sometimes, a weird lump is nothing but extra tissue. Why worry needlessly over something we can examine and eliminate as a possible threat?

Types of Biopsies

  • Incisional Biopsy – A simple procedure wherein we take a small area from an abnormal tissue.
  • Excisional Biopsy – A more involved procedure which removes a growth or lesion, and some of the healthy tissue surrounding it.
  • Brush Biopsy – In this non-invasive procedure, we use a brush, which is rubbed against the abnormal area of your mouth.

How Does a Biopsy Work?

Once we have determined that a specific intraoral area needs further examination, a biopsy can be scheduled. In some instances, we are able to perform this procedure on the same day as the evaluation.

These procedures can be performed with local anesthesia and sedation can also be offered.

Your Dental Health Should Not Be a Guessing Game

A biopsy can make all the difference in your continued health. If you see an abnormal spot or lesion on your lips, cheeks, gums, or tongue, come to see us as soon as possible. Call 206-682-8200 to set an appointment.